The Ecumenical Patriarch Dimitrios of Constantinople while on an
Apostolic  journey  thru out Europe, stopped off in Rome where Pope John
Paul II	recited	together with His All Holiness the Patriarch the  Nicene
Creed  without the 4th century Roman Catholic addition of the "filioque"
clause,	easing one of the oldest theological disputes between the Church
and  the  followers  of	 the Bishop of Rome.  The clause states	that the
Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father  and  the	Son,  but  the	Orthodox
Catholic  believe  He  proceeds	 from the Father only, a belief	that was
once the belief	of all Christians everywhere.  In the  other  concession
the  pope  said	 he  is	 willing to reevaluate the role	of the papacy to
reach a	compromise with	the Orthodox Catholic Church.  His All	Holiness
Patriarch  Dimitrios I is hoping to reunite the	followers of the pope of
Rome with the Church with a pope sharing authority with	the  council  of

	During the meeting the pope presented His All  Holiness	 with  a
golden	chalice,  an  11th  century  painting of Christ, an anthology of
sacred texts, and pontifical medals.

	The Patriarch reciprocated by presenting the pope with a replica
of  a  sixth-century  Byzantine	crucifix, a gold vase, and medals of his

	The historic journey of	the  Patriarch	covered	 visits	 to  the
Patriarchates  of  Alexandria and Jerusalem, the Patriarchate of Moscow,
and the	Church of Georgia, as well as  the  Church  of	Serbia	and  the
Patriarchate of	Romania.

	The journey also included visits to Geneva, Warsaw, and	 London.
In  London His All Holiness was	received by Queen Elizabeth; he	also met
with the Archbishop of Canterbury, Dr. Robert Runcie, as well  as  other

	BOOK REVIEWS.............

The Anti-Soviet	Soviet Union, by  Vladimir  Voinovich;	Harcourt  Brace,
1986, 325 pp., $19.95.

	In December 1980, Vladimir Voinovich was exiled	from the  Soviet
Union.	 His  crime  was candor; his method was	satire.	 For years, he'd
been  committing  the  unforgivable  sin  of  describing   Soviet   life
realistically,	never  failing	to  see	 the  irony and	hypocrisy in the

	In his first book since	his exile, Voinovich depicts the  Soviet
Union	not  as	 a  well-oiled	man-eating  machine,  but  as  a  rusty,
broken-down collection of worn-out mechanisms and spare	parts.

	This is	a land where there are no rights, only privileges.   And
there  are two types of	people:	 those who resist, and live impoverished
lives, and those who acquiesce,	and live like caged animals.   Voinovich
shows each type	living side by side.

	He tells  of  Eremenko,	 46-year-old  10th  grade  night  school
student, who heads a district Party department.

	"He was	equally	poor in	all his	subjects, including history  ...
(But  the  substitute teacher's) job was entirely dependent on Eremenko,
and for	that reason she	was  always  well  disposed  to	 him  in  class.
'Comrade  Eremenko,  can  you  tell me when the	Fifteenth Party	Congress
took place?'


	"'In 1927, Is that correct?'

	"'It is,' Eremenko would answer. 'In 1927.'

	"'Look at that,' the teacher would say.	 'Excellent preparation.
I'm giving you an A.'"

	"There is Oleg,	a doctor living	poorly	because	 he  refuses  to
attend the absurd political meetings."

	"Whenever I think of that doctor, I also remember other	people I
met  in	 my  life ...  who often spent their entire lives working at the
lowest positions and at	the lowest pay ...  By avoiding	taking	part  in
the  lies and hypocrisy, they keep their souls from being violated; they
radiate	goodness, humanity, and	spiritual nobility...."

	Voinovich has not shown	the Soviet people  as  "just  like  us."
True,  they  are born, grow up,	get married, have children, grow old and
die just as we do here.	 But there is a	difference.  They cling	 to  the
chains of authoritarianism.  Freedom requires that they	conquer	fear and
shed their resignation.

	And if the state keeps throwing	out those who try,  Russia  will
never make it.